Moving towards a pipeline architecture that’s similar to the rendering pipeline used by the movie industry, OpenFab is a streamlined process using fablets to specify changes in the material composition and geometry of each layer to be printed.
About Brad Kligerman
Posts by Brad Kligerman:
The bottleneck for the 3d-printing workflow is creating the digital model, the information necessary to specify that which is to be printed. Specialists working in 3d, using complex, arcane software to build these models, create simple interfaces for their customization. Model parameters specifying quantity (measurements, temperature…), quality and locational information can be added by technicians in the field using web services. These parameters are based on field measurements, 3d scans or photographs.
The idea and the reality of 3d-printing has entered into the main-stream. People talk about 3d-printing not as science-fiction but as today’s news. This has lead small businesses and artisans to ask themselves the question concerning their own production and where and how 3d-printing can fit in.
Additive digital fabrication will become a natural extension of The Craftsmen’s toolbox. Sometimes the printer will stay in the studio, and the printed object will be delivered to a client1. Sometimes, the printer will follow the craftsman2 in-situ, to be a part of the printed object’s3 or building’s4 milieu. Despite the bulk, unreliability, and energy requirements of today’s 3d-printers, we can easily imagine the imminent evolutions in 3d printer technology 5 to afford the gains necessary for mobile printing, especially for industries such as customer service and construction sites6. FABMOBs | ATMOStag anticipates the evolution of digital fabrication by building a constructive design fiction7 activating scenarios based on mobile networks, open hardware and software platforms, and embedded capture+transmission of data in relation to 3D printing.8
- Freight Miles: The Impacts of 3D Printing on Transport and Society by Thomas Birtchnell via academia.edu ↩
- Framework for bringing 3D printing into the construction industry (PDF) via Stanford.edu ↩
- A self-referential link to the FABMOBs | ATMOStag project as an early example of 3D printing in a milieu. ↩
- 3D Print Canal House is printed on site, room by room, and will be assembled on-site into a house. It will act as a space for research into architecture and additive construction. ↩
- Trend Evolution: 3D Printing Trends by Shane Taylor via 3dprintingindustry.com is a recent thought piece on the evolution of 3d printing that considers “the wider context” to assert its findings. ↩
- ibid (PDF) Stanford.edu ↩
- Using “fictional scenarios to envision and explain possible futures for design.” What is design fiction? via Quora ↩
- Lisez ce texte en français ↩
The cultural, technological and scientific forces resulting in the development of additive digital manufacturing are, as the historian Lewis Mumford would qualify, “the interplay of technologies with the specific social circumstances they arise from and lead to.” Mumford called this technics: the art, skill and interplay of a social milieu and technological innovation leading to change1: the result of the wishes, habits, ideas, goals of the industrial processes of culture. FABMOBs | ATMOStag is a new model: technics fabrica2.3
“…the interplay of technologies with the specific social circumstances they arise from and lead to.”1
Technology is rooted linguistically in action (techne), or craft: making something versus knowing about it. Craft is about building things, and about building relationships. The vision: technology = craft + relationships — is a very contemporary idea of technology, observing it transcend the scientific, reaching across to its potential as a cultural force2. It is the harbinger of a shift from a knowledge based culture, towards the New Craft Culture, or “crafty knowledge”.3 Craft based cultures (and craft-based niches within a culture) depend on the direct interaction between craftsman and project: the materials, the tools and the professional environment. FABMOBs | ATMOStag is a hybrid media emerging from a natural convergence between automation (manufacturing) and customization (artisan).4
- Technics and Civilization by Lewis Mumford ↩
- This blog post of a lecture by Adam Greenfield recounts one example/story about the “diffusion of technology into human culture” based on a study of the adoption of the electric guitar. ↩
- Tom Boellstorff, Crafty Knowledges, University of California. ↩
- Lisez ce texte en français ↩
It simply means that a 3D model will be created based on captured atmospheric data, and that model is relayed to a 3dprinter. This model can then be used in the design workflow that spans from conceptual drawing, technical 3D models, digital representations (images…), 3D printed physical prototypes… to manufactured product.
Some of the differences between traditional manufacturing and additive 3d printing that are key for the FABMOBs|ATMOStag project are:
- complexity, customization and variety are free benefits to objects designed and prototyped using 3d printing.
- 3d additive printing favors low volume, high value production runs.
- There’s zero lead time between the design and fabrication process, and no assembly required of printed objects.
- Also, of particular concern to this project’s environmental activists, additive 3d printing produces less waste for our environment.
When we start to think hard about the convergence of 3Dprinting hardware, software and networks, we understand that it enables real objects to travel over networks. This not only transforms the way physical goods are (re)produced, but how they can be transported. This happens by sending the 3d model in an email or Skype, then fabricating the object using a local printer.