3Dprinting is the transformation of information and data into physical objects through the direct conversion of a digital 3d model into a physical object using some form computer assisted manufacturing, such as extrusion, sintering, curing, printing, complex mold making…
Digital fabrication also involves the technological and social developments from the research, experimentation and production involving a convergence of different disciplines, economical interests and critical initiatives.
A FABMOBs rig is a mash-up of hardware, software and network connections enabling the fabrication of an atmosphere. Sensors, 3Dprinters and mobile power sources are connected using open-source Arduino development boards for communication, calculation and control; they are linked at their source, which is why they they play so nicely together. The wireless 4g and proprietary networks that blanket our cities and suburbs, move the data from sensor to printer via an online API. A lightweight, portable solar panel connected to a rechargeable battery, powers the sensor. The Smart Citizen is always capturing and sending data to a server using mobile networks. Pieces of that data are automatically requested by the software that will generate the 3d model, which is used to fabricate an ATMOStag object.
- FABMOBs (fabrication + mobility) is a platform for 3Dprinting.
- ATMOStag (atmosphere + tag) is the idea that we can mark or express a location by representing its atmosphere at a given point in space and time. It is a product of the FABMOBs platform.
- **1984**, THE BIRTH OF 3D PRINTING: stereolithography enabled a tangible 3D object to be created from digital data, allowing users to test a design before investing in a larger manufacturing program.
- **1992**, LAYER BY LAYER: SLA (stereolithographic apparatus), a UV laser solidifying photopolymer, a liquid with the viscosity and color of honey that makes three-dimensional parts layer by layer. Complex parts can be manufactured overnight.
- **1999**, ENGINEERED ORGANS: The first lab-grown organ is implanted in humans using a 3-D synthetic scaffold coated with their own cells.
- **2005**, OPEN-SOURCE COLLABORATION & 3D PRINTING: RepRap is founded as an open-source initiative to build a 3D printer that can print most of its own components. The vision of this project is to democratize manufacturing by cheaply distributing RepRap units to individuals.
- **2008**, THE FIRST SELF-REPLICATING PRINTER: RepRap Project releases Darwin, the first self-replicating printer that is able to print the majority of its own components.
- **2008**, DIY CO-CREATION SERVICE LAUNCHES: Shapeways launches a private beta for a new co-creation service and community allowing artists, architects and designers to make their 3D designs as physical objects inexpensively.
- **2009**, BIOPRINTING: a 3D bioprinter to print the first blood vessel.